come at Rawls from all over the spectrum of political philosophy. I
suppose we shouldn't be surprised. People are passionate about morals
and politics. Here are just a few of the critics:
- Robert Nozick criticized Rawls from a libertarian perspective.
- Michael Sandel and Michael Waltzer criticized him from what some
call a communitarian perspective.
- R. M. Hare criticized him from a utilitarian perspective.
- Virginia Held criticized him from a perspective that emphasized
the moral judgments we make in actual situations as opposed to
- Richard Miller criticized him from a Marxist perspective.
- Many other philosophers have questioned Rawls' arguments without
taking any obvious political stance.
For an anthology of readings, look at Reading Rawls edited
by Norman Daniels.
Let me get my own two cents in here. I want to bring God back
into this discussion. I don't like the way everything we say is so
completely secular. We all talk as though ethics and political
philosophy have nothing at all to do with theology. I'm not so sure
that's true. And, historically, there are plenty of philosophers who
would agree with me.