|I N T R O||
Not only does the phrase "affirmative action" mean different things to different people, but there are different arguments for and against it. The most controversial kind of affirmative action includes some sort of "preference" for black Americans when applying for jobs or to colleges and professional schools. Even here, however, affirmative action means different things; and the arguments vary. It is not even clear what counts as a preference. One type of justification for some affirmative action programs is based on the idea of compensation for past injustice. Compensation is one of the ideas that the speakers in our conversation need to talk about.